Construction of Olympic Venues

 

Construction of Venues and Infrastructure

       The current edition of the "Program for the Construction of Olympic Venues and the Development of the City of Sochi as an Alpine Resort" (Russian Government Resolution No. 991 dated December 29, 2007) provides for the construction of 206 venues. Of these, only 30 are directly connected with the hosting of sports events. The other 176 venues are facilities for the engineering and tourist infrastructure and are intended for the development of the city of Sochi as an alpine resort.

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Coastal Cluster

"Bolshoy" Ice Dome

Brief information on the venue:

         Area of the construction site:13 ha

         Height of the building: 49 m

         Size of the dome: 190 140 m

         The "Bolshoy" Ice Dome for ice hockey is a single building, covered by a spherical dome. Lying at the heart of the concept for the ice dome is the shape of a frozen drop of water. The predominant color in which the dome will be painted is silver.

         For the first time in Russian construction practices, the dome of the ice palace features a complex format: usually the roofs of such buildings are flat.

         The dome has a total area of over 7 thousand square meters, and rises almost 50 m over the main ice hockey arena.

         The color of the glass was selected so that by day specular highlights would play on it, whilst in the evening it would become fully transparent enabling people to see the interior of the building.

         The covering for the roof of the "Bolshoy" features light-emitting diodes.

         The roof is a screen on which any images can be shown. This will make it possible to change the appearance of the sports facility.

         The area of the ice dome's roof is almost 26 thousand sq. m. the equivalent of more than 12 ice hockey rinks.

         To construct the reinforced concrete frame, approximately 100 thousand cubic meters of concrete were required, of which 40% went on the foundations.

         1000 people were engaged on the work during the peak construction period.

         100,000 cubic meters is the total volume of concrete used to construct the facilities.

         4,000 tonnes is the weight of the metal structures in the vaulting.

         On the one hand, the name of the Ice Arena underlines the particular features of this sports facility. The "Bolshoy" is going to have one of the largest capacities of all the Olympic venues intended to host competitions, in sports disciplines with the biggest mass appeal. At the same time, the word "Bolshoy", which is known and instantly recognizable to representatives of many countries and peoples, arouses a strong association with Russia the Bolshoy theater, the traditions of the Russian school of ballet, figure skating, ice hockey and the other achievements of the biggest country in the world.

 

"Fisht" Olympic Stadium

Brief information on the venue:

         Area of the construction site: 16.6 ha

         Height of the building: 69.3 m

         Fisht is the name of the highest peak in the Main Caucasian Ridge, at a height of around 3000 m.

         The "Fisht" Olympic Stadium is going to host the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of the Games.

         In the foundations of the Olympic stadium a time capsule containing a message to future generations has been laid down: "Believe in your strengths, and together we will win."

         The "Fisht" is the only arena in the Olympic Park where sporting events are not going to be held.

         The stadium's special roof consists of two parts, which are suggestive of sails or mountain peaks.

 

"Shayba" Arena

Brief information on the venue:

         Area of the construction site: 3.1 ha

         Height of the building: 22.8 m

         The venue is going to host ice hockey competitions as part of the Olympic Winter Games, and sledge hockey competitions as part of the Paralympic Winter Games.

         Once the first cubic meter of concrete had been poured in, the constructors put into the arena's foundations a symbolic ice hockey puck.

         The arena's outer appearance incorporates the shape of a snow whirlwind or a puck in motion.

         The building's main metal frame weighs 4,700 tonnes.

         It is impossible to imagine a game of ice hockey without a puck, known in Russian as a "shayba". The name accurately reflects the venue's intended purpose. Moreover, for Russians the chant of "Shaybu!" is a universal and recognizable way of supporting an ice hockey team at international competitions. This name serves to underline, therefore, the character of these Games as "Russian" Winter Games.

 

"Ice Cube" Curling Center

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Brief information on the venue:

         Area of the construction site: 2.6 ha

         Height of the building: 19.3 m

         The curling center features a laconic design. Themes of democracy, accessibility and at the same time celebration can be read into it, all of which are characteristic of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

         The Ice Cube Curling Center is the most miniature sports venue in the Olympic Park.

         The total mass of the arena's structure is 1,148 tonnes.

 

"Iceberg" Skating Palace

 

 

Brief information on the venue:

         Area of the construction site:11.42 ha

         Height of the building: over 34 m

         The Iceberg Winter Palace is intended for figure skating and short track speed skating.

         When the first cubic meter of concrete was poured in, into the palace's foundations there was also inserted a time-capsule.

         In the foundations for the "Iceberg" 2280 piles were driven.

         Less than a month was required to construct the foundation slap, which has an area of 20,500 sq. m.

         For the foundations, over 18,000 cubic meters of concrete and 1,943 tonnesof armatures were required.

         Over 500 tonnes of high-density bolts were used in the construction process.

         To put the venue up, 15 thousand tonnes of metal structures were required the equivalent of two Eiffel Towers.

         A giant covering rises over the bowl of the stadium at a height of over 30 m. The roof has a wave-like shape around its perimeter, and goes very well with the facade, which is reminiscent of an iceberg floating in the sea.

         The name of the venue is international, as it sounds the same in the Russian, English and German languages.

 

AdlerArena

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Brief information on the venue:

         Area of the construction site: 6.6 ha

         Height of the building: 24.7 m

         The length of the building is 274 m, which is the equivalent of 3 football fields

         The overall area of the 3 ice tracks is equivalent in terms of area to 3 ice hockey pitches

         The arena's intended purpose is to host competitions in speed skating. The ice track has been designed in such a way as to guarantee the best possible times.

         The building has an oval shape, with a toned blue and gray glass front.

         To construct the building modern technologies were used, along with reinforced concrete structures, ensuring the solidity of the building and helping to make it safe.

 

Olympic Village

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         Brief information on the venue: the total area of the Village is 76 ha. Transportation will link the Olympic Village directly to the sports venues. And it will take less than 10 minutes to walk on foot from the Olympic Village to the most distant venue of the Coastal Cluster.

 

 

Main Media Center

       Brief information on the venue: the Main Media Center is situated in an area covering 19.9 ha, along with its own separate transport mall, parking for over 1000 vehicles, an antenna farm and a technical area.

       The venue incorporates the International Broadcasting Center, covering 50,000 m2, and the Main Press Center. At full capacity the venue will hold between 10 and 12,000 broadcasters, members of the press and photographers.

 

IOC Hotel

       Brief information on the venue: the Radisson Blu Resort & Congress Centre, Sochi will be the hotel where representatives of the International Olympic Committee are accommodated during the Games, and where the IOC session will take place.

       The hotel is situated in the Imeretinskaya Valley, along the promenade on the first embankment, in the immediate vicinity of the venues in the Olympic Park, the Formula 1 track and the Olympic Village.

 

CONSTRUCTION: Mountain Cluster

"Rosa Khutor" Alpine Center

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Brief information on the venue:

         Location: Rosa Khutor, Aibga Ridge. The base of the center will host all alpine skiing competitions. The total length of the alpine skiing slope is 9 km.

         The highest point is located on Aibga Ridge, which will host events during the Games Time.

         The courses were designed by the legendary Bernhard Russi, an Olympic champion in downhill skiing.

         The total area of the courses is 43 hectares.

         The courses are located at elevations ranging from 940 to 1945 m and have a common finish area.

         In order to ensure the operation of the courses the Alpine Center is equipped with ski lifts and an artificial snowmaking system.

 

 

 

 

 

"Laura" Cross-country Ski & Biathlon Center

Brief information on the venue:

         The Biathlon and Ski Complex is located on the crest and slopes of Psekhako Ridge, 6.5-10 km to the northeast of KrasnayaPolyana.

         The complex consists of two separate stadiums, each with their own start and finish areas, two separate course systems for skiing and biathlon with a total length of 15 km, a shooting area and warm-up and competition areas.

         The ridged circuit of the ski course drops down 80 m relative to the stadium, and of the final 1700 m of the track 1200 m represent a rise; the difference in heights between the lower and upper sections is 85 m.

 

"RusSki Gorki" Jumping Center

Brief information on the venue:

         The complex is located on the northern slope of Aibga Ridge, near the Esto-Sadok train station.

         It features the very latest Olympic -95 and -125 ski jumps.

         The site for the center, at the junction of two ridges, was specially chosen by international experts, so that the ski jumps would fit in naturally with the surrounding landscape, and so that the jumpers would be afforded protection from gusting side-winds.

 

"Sanki" Sliding Center

Brief information on the venue:

         The course is going to host competitions in bobsleigh, skeleton and luge.

         The luge and bobsleigh course in Sochi is the first course in Russia intended to host events at the international level. There are no more than 20 such courses in the entire world.

         The course runs along the northern slope of Aibga Ridge near the village of KrasnayaPolyana, and it is protected from direct sunlight.

         The course follows the existing relief of the terrain to the maximum degree possible; it is 1814 m long, of which 314 m represent an outrun area.

         The highest point of the Sliding Center "Sanki" is located at an elevation of 836 m above sea level, and its lowest point is located at 704 m.

         The maximum speedis135 km/h;

         The luge and bobsleigh course is the safest and longest such course in the world. The course has three negative slopes and high banking boards.

 

 

"Rosa Khutor" Extreme Park

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Brief information on the venue:

         Events in Snowboarding and Freestyle Skiing will be held to the east of the Rosa Khutor plateau. The unique snow conditions, combined with specialized courses for Ski cross, Slopestyle, Mogul, Snowboard cross, Parallel Giant Slalom and Half-Pipe events will make this facility a permanent venue for staging elite global events.

         The X-treme Park is located at an elevation of 1015-1200 m. above sea level.

         Six courses with a total length of around 3.5 km have been built on Aibga Ridge to facilitate downhill and aerial events.

         Starting points are located at elevations of 1230-1070 m above sea level, and the greatest difference in heights is 215 m.

         The courses have been sculpted to allow for performing jumps, turns, spins, flips and "screws" of different degrees of complexity.

Mountain Olympic Village

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       Brief information on the venue: the Mountain Olympic Village is located in the immediate vicinity of the Alpine Skiing Center, the Freestyle Center and the Snowboard Park. The athletes will be accommodated in comfortable rooms of the hotels, apart-hotels and cottages designed in Alpine style.

 

The Endurance Village

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       Brief information on the venue: the Endurance Village is located in the immediate vicinity of the Complex for ski and biathlon competitions at a distance of 500-800 meters, which will provide accommodation for athletes participating in competitions that require special endurance (biathlon, cross country skiing), at the same elevation as the competitions.

 

Olympic Media Village

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       Brief information on the venue: the Olympic Media Village is a part of the "GornayaKarusel" Sports and Tourist Complex. It will be built at an elevation of 540 and 960 meters above sea level, respectively. The Olympic Media Village will comprise hotels and apart-hotels and auxiliary Mountain media-center.

 

CONSTRUCTION: INFRASTRUCTURE

 

Airport

         The new Sochi International Airport complex, which was opened back in September 2010, is essentially one of the key venues for the 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. The airport can now accept passengers on both domestic and international flights. Visitors will be introduced to Sochi from this new "air gateway".

         Currently the capacity of the airport terminal is 1,600 passengers per hour. The airport reconstruction is in progress, so by the end of 2012 this figure will reach 2500 passengers per hour, and in 2013 the figure will become even higher and will reach 3800 passengers per hour.

 

Coastal Cluster Roads and Railways

ü      The first section of the Adler - Krasnaya Polyana road, which will allow participants and guests of the Games to reach alpine sports venues, has been opened. Its opening has allowed traffic to circumvent the airport which has significantly alleviated traffic near Olympic construction sites.

ü      17.5 km of tunnels (10.7 km of railway tunnels and 6.8 km of highway tunnels) are fully completed. Work is underway on the equipping and building 12 bridges (8 railway and 4 auto) and one overpass.

ü      The entirety of the 48 km-long road will be opened in 2013. This will solve 80% of the transport problems of the region.

         The Adler-Sochi Airport Railway Line. The new line, more than 2.7 km long, will ensure maximum passenger traffic of up to 64,000 people per day in each direction. "Aeroexpress" trains have been launched between Sochi city center to the airport in Adler.

         The section of railway along the sea to Tuapse This section will be widened and become two-way (9 two-way sections). Modernization of a line from Tuapse was completed in December 2011. It is planned that during the Games, the Tuapse - Adler section will be used by 127 commuter trains a day.

         Moscow-Adler Route. During the Games, a completely new type of train will be used on this route. Passengers will be able to use double-decker sleeper carriages with increased passenger capacity (64 berths in four-berth compartments, 30 berths in two-berth compartments, and 50 berths in the staff carriage), as well as a double-decker restaurant carriage seating around 50 people.

 

Mountain Cluster Roads and Aerial Tramways

         There will be a total of 37km of roads in the Mountain Cluster.

         Construction of the road between the "Alpika-Service" Alpine Resort and the Sulimovskiy stream, and between the Sulimovskiy stream and the 3S cableway, with a length of 1.98 km, has now been completed ahead of schedule.

         Work for the elimination of landslides on the highway from the "AlpikaServis" Alpine Resort to the finish area of the "Rosa Khutor" Alpine Center is completed.

         There will be two large transport hubs operating in Krasnaya Polyana in order to provide visitors of the Games with fast and comfortable transport to competition venues ("Esto-Sadok" hub and "Krasnaya Polyana" hub).

         Cableways will be used to provide visitors of the Games with fast and comfortable transport to the Mountain Cluster venues. Their total length will be 21.6 km, with a capacity of up to 4,500 passengers per hour. The cableways will connect the transport hubs with the sport venues.

         Construction of the "Psekhako II" passenger cableway at"Laura" Cross-country Ski & Biathlon Center in Sochi is completed.

 

Energy

         Plans for the power supply of the Olympic venues have been finalized. The power supply program for the Games provides for the modernization of existing substations and the construction of new ones.

         In 2011, the main high voltage substations supplying power to the Olympic venues were commissioned.

         Almost 700 km of cable networks are being installed.

         The Sochi thermal power station has doubled in capacity to 160 megawatts. This has solved the power supply problem for the Central district of Sochi.

       In January 2013, Adler thermal power station was commissioned, with a capacity of 360 megawatts. It is the most modern power generation facility in Sochi. The opening of this plant has greatly improved Sochis energy supply, and provides reliable electricity and heat to sports venues and tourism infrastructure in the Imeretinskaya Valley.

       The Dzhubga-Lazarevskoye-Sochi gas pipeline was commissioned on 6 June 2011. The pipeline will radically change the gas supply situation in settlements on the Black Sea coast for the better. The annual productivity is approximately 3.78 billion cubic meters of gas. The gas pipeline will be a reliable gas supplier for the capital of the 2014 Games. The main industrial consumer of gas will be the Adler thermal power station. Natural gas on the new line will be used to generate heat and electricity.

         Innovative energy solutions:

ü      Enclosed substations (with the advantages of reduced noise, better heat insulation, safety for the environment).

ü      The use of sulfur hexafluoride instead of compressed air or transformer oil. Sulfur hexafluoride is a colorless, non-toxic, non-flammable gas; due to its high density and electrically insulating properties, the substation is environmentally friendly and compact.

ü      The cables are laid underground rather than over-head; this prevents snow from falling on the cables and means that forests don't need to be cleared for the power lines. New technologies have been used in the chosen cables - they are made of cross-linked polyethylene. This kind of cable is very environmentally friendly and the new technology almost excludes damages.

 

Hotels

         According to minimal IOC requirements, by 2014 there should be 41,467 hotel rooms in Sochi for visitors and participants of the Games. Approximately 20,000 new hotel rooms are guaranteed by the Program for the Construction of Olympic Venues (Government Resolution No. 991) and will be built by 2014.

         In total, over 13,000 hotel rooms will be built in the Imeretinskaya Valley and more than 4,000 rooms in the Mountain Cluster. All the rooms will be used for guests and participants of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi.

         Over 21,000 rooms in existing hotels have now been guaranteed by contracts concluded with the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee. This ensures the IOC requirements for the accommodation of visitors of the Games will be met in full by 2014.

         Modernization of Sochi hotels is underway: major repairs of the "Loo" hotel complex (750 rooms) have been undertaken, modernization of the "Sochi" health resort complex (360 rooms), "Rus" (265 rooms), "Svetlana" (224 rooms), "Metallurg" (152 rooms) and "ZolotoyKolos" (300 rooms) health resorts is underway.

         The modernization of the "Zhemchuzhina" (934 rooms) and "Moskva" (340 rooms) hotels is planned.

         The following active construction is underway in the Imeretinskaya Valley: IOC's 5-star hotel with 500 rooms, 4-star complex "Bridge Resort" with 700 rooms, and a complex of buildings and facilities to accommodate members of the media in 4,200 rooms.

         In the Mountain Cluster, hotel complexes at the "Rosa Khutor" and "GornayaKarusel" resorts are under construction. These hotels will be run by well-known international hotel brands: Radisson, Park Inn, Mercure, Heliopark and others.

         In 2012, 3 hotels in the "Rosa Khutor" resort have been commissioned and opened for guests: IOC Hotel 5* (500 rooms), Park Inn by Radisson 4* (211 rooms) and Tulip Inn 3* (148 rooms).

         The new "Zvesdny" hotel with 120 rooms is under construction in the city center. A new block with 49 rooms is under construction on the site of the 4* "MysVidny" health resort. 4 and 5-star hotel complexes are being built as part of the Russian International Olympic University complex. After construction, the "Kamelia" hotel with 200 rooms will be managed by Swissotel Company.

         Prices for staying in the hotels will be affordable; the maximum cost of a standard double room in a 3-star hotel will not exceed176 US dollars.